Editorial standards

Translated from:
Normes éditoriales

Formatting the manuscript for submission

Each submission will include the following files:

  • the contribution, consisting in a single text file (.doc or .docx format) containing the following elements, separated by a page break:

    • the manuscript;

    • abstracts and keywords in English and in French;

    • the bibliography;

    • figure and table legends (if applicable).

  • the figures, gathered in a separate folder and not inserted in the body of the text (see below: Artworks guidelines).


Provide a short abstract in English and in French (from 800 to 1,200 characters each, excluding spaces), and a list of keywords in English and French (from 5 to 10 words separated by commas).

The position and affiliation of each author has to be specified.


Manuscripts are limited to 20,000 characters excluding spaces reviews consist of 4,000 to 10,000 characters, excluding spaces. Do not use any style sheets. Titles should be hierarchized according to a tree system (and not on style sheets): 1., 1.1., 1.2., 1.2.1., 1.2.2., etc. Do not exceed three levels (example of maximum level: 1.3.2). Do not place a dot at the end of a title.

Internal and external references

Bibliographic references

Bibliographic references are placed in footnotes according to the so-called Harvard system (see Bibliographic Standards).

Footnotes should be added automatically using the "Insert footnote" function in a word-processing software, in the format 1, 2, 3 etc.

Figures and tables

All figures or tables are referenced in the text in sequence. They are numbered in arabic numerals: (fig. 1), (figs. 2 and 5), (figs. 4 to 10); (tabl. 1), (tabl. 2 and 11), (tabl. 4 to 10). In case of a numbering within a figure, the following standard should be adopted: ‘the Bibracte site (Fig. 12, No. 3)’ or "the Bibracte and Alesia sites (Fig. 12, Nos. 3 and 4)".


Punctuation marks

No space before the punctuation marks : ; ! ? nor %

References to footnotes are placed after the final punctuation:

The question of the genre may also be introduced here,8


Use single quotation marks for direct speech or a quote, and double quotation marks for direct speech or a quote within:

‘I have never been to Norway,’ he said, ‘but I have heard it described as “the Wales of the North”.’

Long quotations (more than three lines) should be in a smaller font size and the paragraph should be indented, so that any quotation marks disappear. The omission of a part of the quoted text is marked by square brackets [...]. References to quotations should be given in footnotes.

For epigraphic quotation

  • use the character | for line breaks (not /):

    • with a space on either side, if the line break occurs between two words

    • without space, if the line break occurs in a middle of a word.

  • field break are materialized by || (same rule as for spaces).

Capitalisation and typography of proper nouns

Cardinal points: when it comes to a direction, an exposure, a situation, an orientation or an adjective setting, one should write ‘north’, ‘south’, ‘east’, ‘west’ and derived adjectives in lower case. When it is a geographical area:

  • a capital when the orientation is in addition to the name or the name itself: Northern Italy, in the South (region)

  • a lower case letter when the orientation is followed by a complement to the name: the south of Egypt ;

  • to give an orientation: north-east, a multiple orientation: north-east - south-west (no slash, but a dash surrounded by unbreakable spaces).

Common abbreviations

Use abbreviations ‘st’, ‘nd’, ‘rd’, ‘th’ for ordinal numbers:

1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 17th etc.

Page = p. (not pp.), chapter = chap. (not ch.), volume = vol., editor = ed. (not eds.), et cetera = etc. (not etc…).

Units of measurement: metre = m; centimetre = cm; square metre = m²; kilometre = km; hectare = ha.

Titles: Mr, Mrs, Ms, Dr, Prof.

Other abbreviations: circa = ca, exempli gratia = e.g., id est = i.e., including = incl., miscellaneous = misc., number = no., translation = transl.


Years and centuries:

100 BC; 100 AD; 4th century BCE


3rd millennium BCE

Radiocarbon dating: « 2680 ± 40 BP (95% probability) », cal. BCE, cal. BP, cal. AD

Dates are not abbreviated: 1914-1918 (not 1914-18).


Use commas to punctuate large numbers :

The population of New York City is estimated to be 8,008,278.

Always use figures and symbols for percentages, measurements and currency.

Units of measure

Units of measure and other counts are written in figures. The meter is the basic unit, except for measures under 0.20m, in which case use cm or mm.

Spell out whole-number words for measures up to ten when measures are isolated, for a count or a listing.


Use italic for:

  • foreign words or citations, without quotation marks, (ancient or modern language) by using the plural of the language: villa/villae, oppidum/oppida.

  • Latin locutions: e.g. ad hoc, ad libitum, a fortiori, a posteriori.


Acronyms (CIL, LIMC ou NMI) can be used if they are made explicit at the first occurrence.


Greek terms should be entered in Unicode. The following convention of transliteration shall be adopted: ω=ô; ο=o; η=è; ε=e; ʋ=u; χ=ch; θ= th; κ=k. The subscripted iota should be adscribed: τῷ = tôi. L’esprit rude en initiale est signifié par la lettre h : ἡ = hè.

Generally speaking, always use an Unicode font (e.g. Greek extended Palatino type or the IFAO Unicode keyboards available on IFAO’s website).

Artworks guidelines

Each illustration, picture and graphic cited in the manuscript should be supplied in a separate folder. Contributors will make sure that provided illustrations are in the highest quality: preferably vector format or raster format over 300 dpi.


For illustration in raster format, supply .jpg, .tiff or .png.

For illustrations in vector fomat (Illustrator, Inskape…), provide files in the following formats: .ai, .eps or .dwg.

Maps, plans and sections should necessarily include a graphic scale. Numeric scales (1:20, 1:100, 1:1000, etc.) are prohibited.

Tables should be produced with Word or OpenOffice.

Filename should respect the following format: Authors’ name + figure:

Name-fig1.jpg, Name-fig2.ai, etc., Name-tab1.xslx


Captions of illustrations should be supplied at the end of the manuscript file.

For each artwork, contributors should ensure that each caption contains the mention to the right owner e.g. author’s name (photographers, CAD’s author, etc.) and/or organization.

Use the following terms:

  • ‘CAD’ for Computer assisted drawing (relating to maps, plans, sections, plates, etc. created with image processing softwares)

  • ‘picture’ for photographs shot during an excavation, a study, etc.

  • ‘after’ followed by a bibliographical reference specifying the original number and pagination of the figure.

Make explicit abbreviated terms in legends e.g.:

frequency seriation (FS), minimum number of individuals (MNI), etc.

Legal notices

Contributors have to:

  • be the right-holders of the images they submit


  • provide a written permission from the right-holders to share their images under the license CC BY-NC-SA


  • have to ensure that images are in the public domain or under a licence that allows their sharing (ideally Creative Commons Licenses CC0, CC BY, CC BY-SA, CC BY-NC-SA). Whatever the license, it is necessary to specify it in the caption and to quote the source.

The editors reserve the right not to accept illustrations that may give rise to contention.